Japanese

How to say "there is" and "there are" in Japanese

Hi,I'm Kuma. Today, I introduce how to say "there is" and "there are" in Japanese.

There are two expressions and you have to separate the phrase you use depending on a subject.

Then, I start to explain in order.

There is and there are in Japanese.

In Japan,people use "ある" and "いる" when they want to say "there's and there're".

There are examples below.

こうえんがある。Kouen ga aru

There's a park

ねこがいる。Neko ga iru

There's a cat.

What's the diffence between "ある" and "いる".

The difference is whether a subject moves or not.

If the subject move, you should use "いる(iru)".

If the subject don't move, you should use "ある".

how to say ある and いる in a polite way.

When you want to say いる and ある in a polite way, you should use "います(imasu) " and "あります(Arimasu)".

むこうにえきがあります。(Mukouni ekiga arimasu)

There's a station over there.

 

たくさんの人がいます。(Takusanno hitoga imasu)

There are a lot of people.

ある and いる have other meaning.

At last I explain other meaning which ある and いる have.

That meaning is "have" in English.

It's also useful expression so I want you to memorise.

ex) わたしは、かれしがいます。(Watashiha kareshi ga imasu

I have a boyfriend.

At last

That's it. Thank you for reading! See you next time!

 

-Japanese

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